The field of corporate finance deals with the decisions of finance taken by corporations along with the analysis and the tools required for taking such decisions. The principle aim of corporate finance is enhancing the corporate value and at the same time reducing the financial risks of the company. In addition to this, corporate finance also deals in getting the maximum returns on the invested capital of the company. The major concepts of corporate finance are applied to the problems of finance encountered by all type of firms. Corporate finance group deals with medium and large corporate clients and offers complete solutions to meet our clients’ financial requirements. The management of corporate finance attempts to maximize the firm’s value by making investments in the projects that have a positive yield. The finance options for such projects have to be done in a proper manner.
Achieving the goals of corporate finance requires that any corporate investment be financed appropriately. Management must therefore identify the optimal mix of financing-the capital structures that result in maximum value. Management must also attempt to match the financing mix to the asset being financed as closely as possible, in terms of both timing and cash flows. Many factors should be considered like investment objectives, policy frameworks, institutional structure, sources of financing and expenditure framework etc. There are various considerations where shareholders pay tax on dividends, companies may elect to retain earnings, or to perform a stock buyback, in both cases increasing the value of shares outstanding etc. Thus, the goal of corporate finance is the maximization of firm value. In the context of long term, capital investment decisions, firm value is enhanced through appropriately selecting and funding NPV positive investments. These investments, in turn, have implications in terms of cash flow and cost of capital.
Investment banking is one of the most global industries and is hence continuously challenged to respond to new developments and innovation in the global financial markets. It deals with raising capital, trading in securities and managing corporate mergers and acquisitions. Investment banks earn profit from companies and governments by raising money through issuing and selling various securities. There are many investment banks operating in the field of investment banking and finance. Investment banks, or I-banks, issue securities, manage portfolios of financial assets, trade securities, help investors purchase securities, provide financial advice, and support services. Finance areas are responsible for an investment bank’s capital management and risk monitoring. By tracking and analyzing the capital flows of the firm, the Finance division is the principal adviser to senior management on essential areas such as controlling the firm’s global risk exposure and the profitability and structure of the firm’s various businesses.
When raising capital for a firm, an investment bank is acting as an intermediary between investors and the issuer. Capital raised can come from private investors or from pools of capital obtained within the public markets. They also engage in numerous proprietary activities in the financial markets. Investment banks also provide merger and acquisition services, both on the buy and sell side of a deal. The buy side involves identifying and facilitating the acquisition of a target company, while the sell side involves taking a client company to market at auction and identifying and facilitating the sale to a high bidder or acquirer with a strong strategic fit.
New products with higher margins are constantly invented and manufactured by bankers in hopes of winning over clients and developing trading know-how in new markets in the field of investment banking. Product coverage groups focus on financial products, such as mergers and acquisitions, leveraged finance, equity, and high-grade debt. Thus, investment banking and finance can be one of the best options for your investment management and capital structuring.